2nd Bachelor in Medical Biology - Cytology

Pathologic physiology

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ECTS Credits3
Number of Hours (h/year)30
Teaching staffHERION, Dominique
Course UnitCompulsory
TermQuad. 1 and 2

Notions of anatomo-pathology (1st year). Course of biochemistry.

Aims and Objectives

To know and to understand the most common pathologies in order to understand the interest of biological tests and fully know how to carry biological research. To develop a scientific approach and reazoning based on anatomical and physiological knowledge.


General principles : definition of the pathological state; causes of disease; means of defence; therapeuticmeans; repair process and tumoralal reaction.

Water, electrolytes: water balance; hormonal regulation of the water balance; hypo-hypernatremy and hypo-hyperkaliemia,

acido-basics disorders ; metabolic and respiratory acidosis and alcalosis.

Cardiovascular disease: ischemiccardiopathy; cardiac insufficiency ; arterial hypertension; thrombosis and embolia.

Pulmonary disease: chronic and acute respiratory insufficiency ; interest ofbiological tests.

Abdominal disease: hetatobiliary system ( cytolysis and cholestasis tests ) ; cirrhosis ; hepatitis ; vesicular lithiasis and pancreatitis.

Disease of the kidney: kidney’s exploration; acute and chronic kidney’s insufficiency; glomerulopathy and tubulopathy.

Endocrine pathology : thyroid pathology (regulation, hypo -and hyperthyroidy , goitre) ; adrenal gland’s pathology (hypercorticism, cortical insufficiency) ; mellitus diabete.


DURAND H. et BICLET P., Dictionnaire des examens biologiques et investigations para cliniques, Ed. Doin, Paris, 1991.

QUEVAUVILLIERS J., PERLEMUTER I., FOURRIER B., MICHEZ E., Cahiers de l’infirmière, Ed. Masson, Paris, 1991.

Teaching and Learning MethodsLectures
Assessment MethodsWritten examinations

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